Student loan default rates increased in 2008, according to a preliminary report released by the Department of Education. The numbers, which still aren't finalized, indicate an increase from 5.2 percent last year to 6.9 percent this year in the two-year default rate on federal student loans. The increase in default rates is likely due to continued economic difficulties facing new graduates.
The report also shows a difference in default rates between the Federal Family Educational Loan Program and the Federal Direct Loans Program, though FFELP advocates are arguing that the differences are largely due to different makeups of the schools participating in each program (For example, students at for-profit schools are more likely to default, and are also more likely to participate in FFELP). However, even among similar groups, FFELP still had a slightly higher default rate.
Typically, reports on default rates are released around September and don't compare FFELP and Direct Loans, but Congress had requested data earlier to aid with the federal budget decision-making process. This is only the latest bit of bad news for FFELP, which President Obama urged Congress to eliminate in the 2010 federal budget. The Congressional Budget Office has said that eliminating FFELP could save more money--$94 billion, double the previous estimate. Additionally, a report by two interest groups states that the proposed increases in Pell Grants, some of whose funding is tied to cutting FFELP, would increase the average grant award by $121 and would make 260,000 more students eligible for the program.
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